Quantum computing, a technology promising speeds and efficiencies beyond the capabilities of even the fastest supercomputers,
has faced challenges in scaling up and commercialization due to its inability to self-correct errors.
Unlike classical computers, quantum computers can't correct errors
by duplicating encoded data repeatedly, necessitating alternative approaches.
In a recent publication in Nature, researchers from Harvard, MIT, and QuEra Computing have illustrated
the potential of a quantum computing platform to tackle this long-standing issue in quantum error correction.
Leading this team is quantum optics expert Mikhail Lukin, the Joshua and Beth Friedman University Professor in physics and co-director of the Harvard Quantum Initiative.
The project also benefited from the collaboration of Markus Greiner, the George Vasmer Leverett Professor of Physics.
Over the past several years, the Harvard quantum computing platform was developed using an array of extremely cold,
laser-trapped rubidium atoms, where each atom serves as a "qubit," performing incredibly fast calculations.